Recommended Exercises for Senior Population
As the body grows old one is likely to experience great physiological changes such as decreased cardiac output, loss of muscle mass, and low metabolism which occurs at a different rate between people and even within the body of an individual, the speed at which these physiological changes happen vary from one person to the other and even within an individual, these physiological changes are primarily influenced by individual genes and environmental factors you can read more on this website. In most cases the rate at which these physiological changes occur can be slowed through lifestyle interventions and modification of physical activities, therefore, designing safe and tailored exercises can be useful to avert the health risks such as a cardiac attack, Alzheimer, and hypertension associated with these physiological changes click here for more info. Exercise physiologists classify the process of aging into three phases, entering old age which is a group of people who have just retired as well as those who have finished child-rearing who can be even 50 years old, the second phase is the transitional phase, this entails people in their 70s and the third phase is frail old people, this group comprises of highly susceptible seniors due to health problems associated with aging, most of them depend on assisted living. Given that most senior people require assistance with basic tasks such as dressing and bathing, some of these functions can be reverted through tailored physical activities, to help you out, this article has detailed some ideas you can use to design such exercises see this page for more info.
In general senior population experience problems with activities of daily living (ADL) such as dressing, getting around or bathing and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) such as shopping, cooking, and other house chores, this is a result of chronic health conditions such as arthritis, loss of muscle mass, diabetes and heart conditions associated with deteriorating physiological functioning of the body as it age, therefore, their ability to perform ADL and IADL tasks are highly impacted click for more. The exercise program should be tailored toward improving specific ADL and IADL needs of each individual, the exercise needs to be safe and all necessary precautions are taken such as pretesting and medical clearance from a qualified physician.
The major health condition that most senior people experience is a heart condition which contributes to sudden death in these people, therefore, designing exercises that improve the health of the heart should be your priority, low impact aerobic exercises are ideal for this group, however, close monitoring is required during exercises, to make sure the intensity of the aerobic exercise remain low or moderate level as recommended monitor heart rate, blood pressure as well as their perceived exertion regularly, ensure you collect important data during such exercise to help you design a safe and progressive exercise program that is tailored to individual needs and capabilities. Those are some ideas we thought might help you in developing a safe and reliable exercise program for the senior population, also important exercises for this group are flexibility and coordination exercises.