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Tips on Selecting Epilepsy Treatment Drugs
Epilepsy is one of the chronic neurological disorder where the individual suffers from seizures. This neurological disorder is experienced by many people across the world. Epilepsy is mainly caused by stroke, meningitis, traumatic brain injury and AIDS. There is a chance that a person can inherit the neurological disorder from his parents if one them has the condition. There are things which have been classified as triggers when it comes to epileptic conditions. Some of the triggers may include alcohol, caffeine, lack of sleep, stress and illness. Epilepsy occurs due to a combination of the triggers it even other causes that might not be known. When it come stone ensuring that the neurological disorder has been managed the seizures that the persons has have to be identified. There are mainly two type of seizures which include the generalized seizures and focal seizures. In generalized seizures an epilepsy patient will experience jerking movement of legs and arms and loss of bowel movement it bladder while focal seizures will cause the twitching of limbs, loss if the five senses and dizziness.
The anti-epilepsy drugs are developed based on the seizures the person portrays. The drugs have been placed into two categories and they differ in terms of the side effects. The first drug which is known as the broad spectrum anti- epilepsy drugs mainly treats more than one type of seizures and the effects are insomnia, fatigue and dizziness. The narrow spectrum anti-epilepsy medication is mainly used to manage specific seizures that the person has and the side effects differ depending on which formulation has been administered to the epileptic person. The narrow spectrum drug is mainly given to patients in firm if oral tablet, IV injection and solution form. The two anti-epilepsy medications are used to control the seizures that person with epilepsy will portray. The triggers that a person has identified are mostly used to show the effectiveness of the drugs. The condition needs to be managed since there are various risk factors.
When the anti-epilepsy drugs have not worked the person still has some options. These options may include the vagus nerve stimulation and brain surgery. There is a stimulator placed under the epileptic person skin which sends electrical activity to the brain that prevents the seizures. Brain surgery is normally the last option that is initiated in the treatment of seizures whereby the region that causes such a condition is removed. Ketogenic diet can also be initiated when the medication doesn’t work with studies showing improvement for those who undertake this diet.